Reading challenge update: 12/35.
I've managed to stay on top of my reading so far, and the latest book I read was called "A Rulebook for Arguments" by Anthony Weston. It covers everything from the basic guidelines of arguments to writing argumentative essays. The book goes through a lot of details, so today I thought I'd share one particular section I think is very crucial - causal argument formations.
First off, often when debating about an argumentative cause, it's good to recognize correlations. Here's an example:
Event/condition A, is regularly associated with event/condition B.
Therefore, event/condition A causes event or condition B.
That is, because A is regularly associated with B in this way, we conclude that A causes B.
However, correlations are not always reliable since there may be other explanations.
If A is correlated with B, A may cause B, but B may instead cause A.
Or, there may also be some other underlying factor:
A may be correlated with B, but rather than A causing B or B causing A, something else - some C - may cause both A and B.
With this in mind, it's important that our goal is to find the most likely explanation. Learning by doing more research is key, but it's also good to keep an open mind - you may come across some information that shocks you.